Your shoulder joint is made up of three bones: the clavicle (collarbone), the scapula (shoulder blade), and the humerus (arm bone). Your shoulders are the most mobile joints in your body. Ligaments, muscles, and tendons stabilize the shoulder joint. Shoulder pain can result from injury or overuse of any of these structures, and may also be due to arthritis. Orthopedic Associates of Hartford shoulder specialists all have specific training in diagnosis and treatment of shoulder problems such as tendonitis, rotator cuff tears, dislocations, fractures, frozen shoulder, arthritis, as well as other less common shoulder disorders.
Some of the most common shoulder problems include:
Sprains and Strains are tears to the ligaments or muscles caused by being stretched beyond their capacity. Ligaments join the ends of bones together and are commonly affected in the ankles, knees, and wrists.
Dislocation of joints occurs when the one of the two bones that make up a joint separates from the other bone.
Tendonitis is inflammation or pain along a tendon. Tendons are the structures that connect your muscles to your bones. Tendons in the shoulder that can experience tendonitis are the rotator cuff tendons and upper part of the biceps muscle.
Bursitis is inflammation of a bursa. A bursa is a fluid filled sac that is found where tendons pass by bony surfaces. Bursitis in the shoulder commonly causes pain on the side or front of the arm, and is worse with activities that place the hand at or above shoulder level.
Torn Rotator Cuffs are a group of 4 muscles that cover the top part of the arm bone (humerus) and help stabilize and move the arm. These muscles have tendons that can tear and cause shoulder pain and/or weakness.
Frozen Shoulder is a condition that causes painful loss of motion of the shoulder. It often occurs without any known cause of injury, or occasionally after minor trauma.
Fractures of the bones, or broken bones
Arthritis occurs when the cartilage of a joint surface is injured. Arthritis can cause pain, swelling, and loss of motion.
Peter R. Barnett, M.D.
Robert J. Carangelo, M.D
Thomas W. Dugdale, M.D.
Christopher J. Lena, M.D.
John P. Fulkerson, M.D.
Michael A. Miranda, M.D.
Durgesh G. Nagarkatti, M.D.
Clifford G. Rios, M.D.
Robert S. Waskowitz, M.D.
Gordon A. Zimmermann, M.D.
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