Some of the most common spine conditions include:
Arthritis and Osteoarthritis: Spinal arthritis – also called degenerative joint disease – is the breakdown of the cartilage between the facet joints in the spine, leading to low back pain and/or leg pain.
Degenerative Disc Disease: Most patients with degenerative disc disease will experience low-level but continuous back pain that will occasionally intensify and can become severe.
Herniated Disc: A herniated disc occurs when the inner gel in the disc leaks out and puts pressure upon a spinal nerve, often leading to leg pain or arm pain.
Leg Pain: When the nerves exiting the spine in the lower back are impinged, the pain may extend down the leg as a general pain, tingling, numbness, or weakness.
Lower Back Pain: There are many conditions that affect the lower back.
Neck Pain: The neck can be afflicted with spinal stenosis, herniated disc, osteoarthritis, degenerative disc disease, and also by muscle strain, whiplash or other conditions.
Osteoporosis and Spinal Fractures: Most fractures in the spine are caused by osteoporosis, which is a condition in which bones lose structural integrity.
Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction: The joint between the base of the spine and the hip does not normally have much movement, but any change in the joint may cause lower back pain and/or leg pain.
Sciatica: The sciatic nerve exits the lumbar spine and carries information between the brain and the legs. When a lower back problem affects the sciatic nerve, pain can radiate down the leg and into the foot.
Spinal Stenosis: Spinal stenosis is a condition in which parts of the spine narrows and can lead to compression of a spinal nerve or the spinal cord in the neck.
Spondylolisthesis: Spondylolisthesis occurs when one vertebra in the spine slips forward over the one below it, causing lower back pain and/or leg pain. It most commonly occurs in the lower levels of the spine.
Sports and Spine Injuries: Certain sports and activities are likely to cause or worsen back pain due to repetitive motions and added strain on the spine.
Upper Back Pain: Pain from the thoracic spine is less common than from the cervical spine (neck) or lumbar spine (lower back). Muscular issues and joint dysfunctions are the most common problems in upper back.